Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is one type of unmanned aerial robot explorer often called Pesawat Udara Nir Awak (PUNA). Because it does not have the crew (pilot), UAV to be controlled using a remote control or commonly called Remotely Piloted Vehicles (RPV). In addition UAV can also be flying automatically by a program that has been installed in their computer system.
UAV can be applied to remote sensing, especially for mapping by photogrammetry method. The result are:
- Digital Map
- Aerial Photo Map Geotiff and ECW Format
- DSM (Digital Surface Model) and DTM (Digital Terrain Model)
Challenging topography and dangerous conditions make UAV surveying the solution to produce GIS data for DEM and DTM models.